The Palaeolithic-type diet resulted in lower systolic blood pressure (-9.1 mmHg; P = 0.015), diastolic blood pressure (-5.2 mmHg; P = 0.038), total cholesterol (-0.52 mmol/l; P = 0.037), triglycerides (-0.89 mmol/l; P = 0.001) and higher HDL-cholesterol (+0.15 mmol/l; P = 0.013), compared to reference. The number of characteristics of the metabolic syndrome decreased with 1.07 (P = 0.010) upon the Palaeolithic-type diet, compared to reference. Despite efforts to keep bodyweight stable, it decreased in the Palaeolithic group compared to reference (-1.32 kg; P = 0.012).
I still can’t quite figure out why so many “experts” continue to claim that there is no scientific evidence supporting the paleo diet’s positive health effects. Do they even read the journals they are subscribed to?
Relatedly: perhaps the most common criticism health “experts” (yes, I will always use “scare quotes” for that term because, given the state of our country’s health, I refuse to believe that they know what they’re talking about) have of the paleo diet’s scientific literature is “the studies are just too small to make significant conclusions.” Clearly! As long as the paleo community is considered a “fad diet” (by Wikipedia’s editors, no less), researchers will never attain enough funding to perform large-scale studies.